The following is a list of just a few of the senior scientists who have long maintained that AIDS cannot be caused by HIV, or by HIV alone. or who believe that suppression of this debate about the cause of AIDS is wrong. Many hold that AIDS is caused by long-term exposure to certain toxins as well as by malnutrition or other non-viral factors.
If you have not heard of their work, this is not a surprise. Ten years ago I had not heard of them either - yet I then regarded myself as a well-informed journalist. It seems their work has mostly been ignored, or presumed to be that of cranks. For example, you will find nothing indicating the depth of this scientific dissent on the BBC webpages on AIDS. Do these scientists deserve this? Look at what they have written, the positions they hold, and judge. Many of their papers are freely available on websites. This list is in no particular order.
Dr KaryMullis - Nobel Prize Laureate, won for inventing the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), a vital tool used in the study of genetic code fragments and used for the Viral Load test. http://www.karymullis.com
He stated: 'Years from now, people will find our acceptance of the HIV theory of AIDS as silly as we find those who excommunicated Galileo.'
Dr Lynn Margulis. Discoverer of the symbiotic origins of the cell. Member of the US National Academy of Science. Holder of the Presidential Medal for Science.
She wrote in 2007: ‘From my readings, discussions with knowledgeable scientists close to the story, I simply conclude, as does Kerry Mullis, the Nobel Laureate who wrote a foreword to Duesberg's classical work, that there is no evidence that "HIV causes AIDS."'
‘The hypotheses that HIV is a harmless virus and that drugs cause AIDS defining diseases are compatible with all the evidence I know.' ‘I regard as scandalous the continued ostracism of people and points of view which go against the orthodoxy on HIV.' See his article published in Yale Scientific, Spring 1999;The Case of HIV: We Have Been Misled
Dr Peter Duesberg - Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology at the University of California, Berkeley. Member of the US National Academy of Science;first to map the genetic structure of retroviruses; recipient of the NIH's Outstanding Investigator Grant. His books include 'Infectious AIDS: Have We Been Misled?' and 'Inventing the AIDS Virus'. He edited 'AIDS; Virus or Drug Induced? and in 2003 co-authored a study entitled The Chemical Basis of the Various AIDS Epidemics; Recreational Drugs, Anti-Viral Chemotherapy and Malnutrition. This isavailable on his website; www.duesberg.com
He said of HIV; 'I'm not afraid that HIV exists, because I think retroviruses are not much to be afraid of ... HIV is just a latent, and perfectly harmless, retrovirus'.
The Perth Group. An international group of academics headed by biophysicist Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos at the Royal Perth Hospital, Australia. Other notable members of this group are Dr. Valendar Turner and Professor of Pathology John Papadimitriou. www.theperthgroup.com Their many deeply researched articles are available on their website.
Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos wrote: 'HIV had not been isolated from either fresh tissues or culture, which means that its existence had not been proven and this situation has not changed up to the present day...I am saddened that there are forces at work that have consistently prevented purposeful but friendly debate. To me and my group the problematic nature of the HIV theory was apparent from the very beginning.' She was the first to publicly question if HIV had been provably isolated.
Dr. Etienne de Harven - Emeritus Professor of Pathology, University of Toronto. Former president of the Rethinking AIDS Group and a leading expert on electron microscopy. http://rethinkingaids.com
'Dominated by the media, by pressure groups and by the interests of pharmaceutical companies, the AIDS establishment lost contact with open-minded, peer-reviewed science ... the unproven HIV/AIDS hypothesis received 100% of the research funds while all other hypotheses were ignored. '
Dr. Charles L. Geshekter, Ph.D., Three-time Fulbright scholar. Professor of African History, California State University, Chico. Served as an adviser to the U.S. State Department and to several African governments.
‘The scientific data do not support the view that what is being called AIDS in Africa has a viral cause.' ‘The scandal is that long-standing ailments that are largely the product of poverty are being blamed on a sexually transmitted virus. With missionary-like zeal, but without evidence, condom manufacturers and AIDS fund-raisers attribute those symptoms to an "African" sexual culture.' ‘Traditional public-health approaches, clean water and improved sanitation above all can tackle the underlying health problems in Africa. They may not be sexy, but they will save lives. And they will surely stop terrorizing an entire continent.' ‘You're looking at what I think is going to turn out to be one of the great frauds of the late 20th century.'
Dr. Rosalind Harrison, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, consultant ophthalmic surgeon for the National Health Service, UK
'Virus isolation is necessary to prove virus infection. Retrovirologists have laid down a set of criteria to distinguish spurious from genuine retroviruses. HIV does not fulfil these criteria.'
Dr. Heinz Ludwig Sänger, Ph.D., Emeritus Professor of Molecular Biology and Virology, Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry, Germany
‘HIV cannot be responsible for AIDS. After three years of intensive critical studies of the relevant scientific literature, as an experienced virologist and molecular biologist I came to the following surprising conclusion - there is actually no single scientifically really convincing evidence for the existence of HIV. Not even once has such a retrovirus been isolated and purified by the methods of classical virology.'
Dr. Rudolf Werner, Ph.D., Professor of Biochemistry, University of Miami School of Medicine
‘The HIV-AIDS hypothesis remains just that - a hypothesis. Many experts' predictions turned out to be false. For example, contrary to the prediction that AIDS would rapidly spread into the heterosexual population, the disease in the United States is still restricted to 85 percent males.'
Dr Gordon Stewart, - Emeritus Professor of Public Health, Glasgow University Former WHO Advisor on AIDS.
‘AIDS is a behavioural disease. It is multifactorial.' ‘It is a scandal that the major medical journals have maintained a conspiracy of silence over any dissent from the orthodox views and official handouts.'
Dr. Phillip Johnson, Senior Professor of Law, University of California at Berkeley
‘One does not need to be a scientific specialist to recognise a botched research job and a scientific establishment that is distorting the facts to maximise its funding.'
Dr. Richard Strohman, Emeritus Professor in Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley.
'We need research into possible [AIDS] causes such as drug use and behaviour, not a bankrupt hypothesis.' 'My colleagues in molecular biology by and large do not read the AIDS literature. They're just like everybody else who has to believe what they read in the newspapers. We all have to put our faith somewhere, otherwise we don't have time.'
Dr. Harry Rubin, Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology, Berkeley
‘Who were these people who are so much wiser, so much smarter than Luc Montagnier [the discoverer of what is now known as HIV]? He became an outlaw as soon as he started saying that HIV might not be the only cause of AIDS.'
Dr. Heinrich Broder; Medical director of the Federal Clinics for Juvenile and Young Adult Drug Offenders for five German counties, including Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg.
‘The collective virus obsession enables "HIV"AIDS medicine to operate in a lawless sphere without responsibility for the often fatal consequences.'
Dr. Bernard Forscher; former editor of the US Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
‘The HIV hypothesis ranks with the "bad air" theory for malaria and the "bacterial infection'" theory of beriberi and pellagra [caused by nutritional deficiencies]. It is a hoax that became a scam.'
Dr. Arthur Gottlieb, MD, Chairperson of the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tulane University School of Medicine -the first to report the Los Angeles AIDS epidemic in 1981
‘The viewpoint has been so firm that HIV is the only cause and will result in disease in every patient, that anyone who challenges that is regarded as "politically incorrect." I don't think - as a matter of public policy - we gain by that, because it limits debate and discussion and focuses drug development on attacking the virus rather than attempting to correct the disorder of the immune system, which is central to the disease.'
Dr. Joseph Sonnabend, MD, New York Physician, founder of the American Foundation for AIDS Research (AmFAR); one of the first to report the AIDS epidemic in New York.
‘The marketing of HIV as a killer virus causing AIDS without the need for any other factors has so distorted research and treatment that it may have caused thousands of people to suffer and die.'
‘Gallo was certainly committing open and blatant scientific fraud. But the point is not to focus on Gallo. It's us - all of us in the scientific community, we let him get away with it.' ‘The notion of "eradication" [of HIV] is just total science fiction. Every retrovirologist knows this. The RNA of retroviruses turns into DNA and becomes part of us. It's part of our being. You can't ever get rid of it.'
Harvey Bialy, PhD, author of Oncogenes, Aneuploidy and Aids: A Scientific Life and Times of Peter H. Duesberg, resident scholar at the Institute of Biotechnology, National University of Mexico and founding scientific editor of Nature Biotechnology.
‘HIV/AIDS [is] the biggest medical mistake and fraud of the past 500 years.'
Dr. Rodney Richards, Ph.D., Biochemist, Founding scientist for the biotech company Amgen. Collaborated with Abbott Laboratories in developing HIV tests.
'To date, no researcher has demonstrated how HIV kills T-cells. It's just a theory that keeps money flowing into the pharmaceutical approach to treating AIDS.'
Dr. Robert Root-Bernstein - Associate Professor of Physiology, Michigan State University. Author 'Rethinking AIDS; The tragic cost of premature consensus'.
‘No evidence of female prostitutes transmitting HIV or AIDS into the heterosexual community exists for any Western nation. Acquisition of HIV by men from female prostitutes is almost always drug related.'
Dr Donald W. Miller, Jr., MD, Professor of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine
'The HIV-AIDS model is untenable. The twenty-plus diseases the government defines as "AIDS" are caused, instead, by immunosuppressive heavy-duty recreational drug use, antiretroviral drugs, and receptive anal intercourse. The elusive HIV, when present, simply goes along for the ride, lodged in a small minority of the body's T cells. It is a passenger on the AIDS airplane, not its pilot.'
Professor Daniel J. Ncayiyana, the editor of The South African Medical Journal;
‘I am quite confident in my own mind that many cases identified as AIDS (according to their symptoms) are not AIDS‚The numbers given must, of necessity, include people who possibly have other conditions.' .
Professor P.A.K. Addy, Head of Clinical Microbiology at the University of Science and Technology in Kumasi, Ghana:
‘Europeans and Americans came to Africa with prejudiced minds, so they are seeing what they wanted to see...I've known for a long time that Aids is not a crisis in Africa as the world is being made to understand. But in Africa it is very difficult to stick your neck out and say certain things. The West came out with those frightening statistics on Aids in Africa because it was unaware of certain social and clinical conditions.'
Dr. Henry Bauer, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of Chemistry & Science Studies and Dean Emeritus of Arts & Sciences at Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University; Author, The Origin, Persistence and Failings of HIV/AIDS Theory
‘One result of commerce-driven science is the growing number of scandals, especially in biomedical research, where nasty side-effects or lack of efficacy of new drugs seem increasingly to be hidden from public view until significant damage has been done. Nowadays there's the tragedy of AIDS, where the mainstream dogma that HIV is the cause may be subjecting tens or hundreds of thousands to inappropriate, indeed deadly so-called ‘treatment' that has brought several drug companies unprecedented profits.'
Dr. Roberto Giraldo M.D. Author of ‘AIDS and Stressors.'
'AIDS is neither an infectious disease, nor sexually transmitted. It is a toxic-nutritional syndrome caused by the alarming worldwide increment of immunological stressor agents.'
Dr. Andrew Herxheimer, MD, Emeritus Professor of Pharmacology, UK Cochrane Centre, Oxford; edited Drug & Therapeutics Bulletin in the UK for 30 years and also helped to found the International Society of Drug Bulletins.
‘I think zidovudine [AZT] was never really evaluated properly; its efficacy has never been proved, but its toxicity certainly is important. I think it has killed a lot of people, especially at the high doses. I personally think it not worth using alone or in combination at all.'
Lynn Fall (nee Gannett), former data manager, phase III clinical trials AZT (1987-1990)
‘AZT is a poison. AZT commonly causes miscarriages and severe birth defects. AZT is a highly toxic chemotherapy that interrupts DNA synthesis and destroys the immune system. In fact, AZT is a tragedy which I believe has led to tens of thousands of unnecessary deaths, primarily in wealthier countries.'
Dr. Rudolf Werner, Ph.D., Professor of Biochemistry, University of Miami School of Medicine
‘The HIV-AIDS hypothesis remains just that - a hypothesis. Many experts' predictions turned out to be false. For example, contrary to the prediction that AIDS would rapidly spread into the heterosexual population, the disease in the United States is still restricted to 85 percent males. Yet HIV positives are found with equal frequency in healthy male and female Army recruits. This discrepancy doesn't support the hypothesis that AIDS is caused by HIV.'
‘AIDS drugs have been credited for the reduction in AIDS deaths. But there is no scientific evidence that these toxic drugs prolong life. A study in Uganda shows that the time between becoming HIV-positive and the time of death is identical to that in the United States. The Uganda group received no AIDS drugs, while the U.S. group did. Since most people in the Uganda study were malnourished and multiply infected, doesn't that suggest that antiretroviral drugs reduce life expectancy? Malnutrition is the most common cause of immune deficiency.'
Dr. Manu Kothari, MD, Professor of Anatomy, former Head of Department of Anatomy, Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India
‘For all we know, it is not HIV that causes AIDS, but the so-called co-factors such as indiscriminate antibiotic use, recreational drugs, poverty, malnutrition, polluted water and pesticised food. AZT and the like (so-called triple therapy) are rank cytotoxic poisons. To give AZT to pregnant women is a crime against the mother and the baby she is making.'
Dr. Heinrich Broder Medical director of the Federal Clinics for Juvenile and Young Adult Drug Offenders for five German counties, including Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg.
‘The collective virus obsession enables HIV/AIDS medicine to operate in a lawless sphere without responsibility for the often fatal consequences. It is high time to discuss the ethical consequences of the "virtual medicine" currently practiced, which under the pretence of an imagined global epidemic, force-feeds highly toxic drug cocktails to patients.'
Dr. Juan Jose Flores, MD, Ph.D., Professor of Medicine, La Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico
‘The causes of AIDS are not viral. I have witnessed the fatal effects that the anti-viral drugs have on the immune system. I treated patients diagnosed with HIV who were very poor. Their inability to afford the drugs precluded me from giving them AZT, which is very expensive. As time went by, I began to see that the rich HIV positive patients died, while the poor ones lived and continue to do so.'
Dr. David Rasnick, Ph.D., Biochemist, Protease Inhibitor Developer. Cancer researcher.
‘The National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control, the Medical Research Council, and the World Health Organization are terrorizing hundreds of millions of people around the world. It would be intolerably embarrassing for them to admit at this late date that they are wrong, that AIDS is not sexually transmitted. Such an admission could very well destroy these organizations, or, at the very least, put their future credibility in jeopardy. Self preservation compels these institutions to not only maintain but to actually compound their errors, which adds to the fear, suffering, and misery of the world - the antithesis of their reason for being.'
Dr. Joseph Mercola, former Chairman of the Family Medicine department at St. Alexius Medical Center, Illinois; served as editor of HIV Monograph by Abbott Laboratories
‘What is not mentioned in any textbook is that AZT has been found in five studies performed after its rushed FDA approval to be equally toxic to T-cells, the very cells whose absence is blamed on HIV. This is not surprising since T-cells are produced in the bone marrow, and AZT depletes all the cells produced there. These studies are but a sample of the evidence that suggest that AZT and other ‘antiretrovirals' are causing a variety of AIDS-like symptoms which are being blamed on HIV‚' The only studies published that claim positive outcome were short-term and did not have statistically significant results.'
Dr Donald W. Miller, Jr., MD, Professor of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine
‘The HIV-AIDS model is untenable. The twenty-plus diseases the government defines as "AIDS" (when antibodies to HIV are also present) are caused, instead, by immunosuppressive heavy-duty recreational drug use, antiretroviral drugs, and receptive anal intercourse.'
Anthony Brink, Advocate and Magistrate.
A powerful voice in South Africa, a lawyer who campaigns against the use of antiretroviral drugs in treating AIDS patients because of research evidence documenting their grave defects. His detailed documentation on these drugs is available online atwww.tig.org.za
Dr. Steven Lanka, Virologist and Molecular Biologist.
He holds that there is no evidence for the complete isolation of any pathogenic virus, saying the viruses so far detected are ‘cell components,' part of the ‘intra- and intercellular transport' system. ‘Not only I am maintaining that the so-called AIDS virus "HIV" has never been scientifically demonstrated to exist, but it is only being maintained to exist because of a purported consensus.' ‘If I expose cells in a test-tube to a quantity of artificially produced gene substance and albumins, they die faster than under the standard conditions for cells dying in a test-tube. This is being presented as proof of the existence, as proof of the isolation and as proof of the multiplication of the purported virus - this is now "normal science.'
Dr. B.L. Meel MD, Head, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Transkei, South Africa
‘There are several risks associated with HIV/AIDS, but the most important immediate risk, soon after an individual becomes aware of his/her HIV status, is committing suicide. This is as a result of sudden unexpected, unprepared disclosure of HIV test result, leading to mental breakdown, i.e., severe acute depression... A study carried out in New York City (1997) found that 9% of suicide victims were HIV positive.'
This is not all. There are over 2,000 doctors and medical researchers who have taken the bold, and professionally risky, stand of making public their disagreement with the HIV theory of AIDS. They have signed a list maintained on the web athttp://www.rethinkingaids.com/quotes/rethinkers.htm, but for this list I will make the final entry not on AIDS, but on modern medicine.
Ivan Illich, Author of Medical Nemesis.
‘Modern medicine is a negation of health. It isn't organised to serve human health, but only to serve itself as an institution. It makes more people sick than it heals.'
THE ONGOING DEBATE
Back in 1991, as the official investigation of Robert Gallo for fraud got under way, other scientists boldly began moves to get the HIV theory of AIDS reassessed, They formed ‘The Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis.' But their letters calling for an independent reassessment were refused initially by the major scientific journals. In 1994 the establishment tried to try to remove from dissident ranks Professor Duesberg, a Member of the National Academy of Science, by suggesting that he would be fully restored to favour if he signed a paper already accepted for publication entitled: HIV Causes AIDS: Koch's Postulates Fulfilled.' He refused, and instead he with some 2000 others from 68 countries signed a letter published in Sciencein 1995 calling for a ‘thorough reappraisal' by ‘a suitable independent group.' As a result he was denied research grants and post-graduate students.
Their call went mostly unheeded until 2000 when President Mbeki of South Africa decided to set up a ‘Presidential AIDS Advisory Panel' of scientists for and against the HIV hypothesis. As I have mentioned, to this he invited Gallo and Montagnier - and Duesberg along with other scientists. Its purpose was to seek agreement on experiments that would settle once and for all this grave dispute.
But this open dissent and calls for reassessment greatly disturbed the virology establishment. Robin Weiss, the professor I met at the SV40 Conference, who had earlier had to apologize like Gallo for using the French virus in patenting an HIV test, now helped to circulate an email calling for signatures to a counter statement. This email stated: ‘Peter Duesberg is back in the columns of Nature and Science. ... The situation has taken a serious turn in that President Mbeki of South Africa is consulting him. The consequences are being felt in Africa and Asia. An international group of scientists and doctors has come up with something called the Durban Declaration to be published in Nature on July 6. You will find it at the bottom of this message. As a scientific statement in plain language, it attempts to set the record straight by stating the facts.'
Some 5000 signatures were thus gathered in support of the HIV theory, and the statement they signed was published in Nature as the Durban Declaration. It bluntly asserted: ‘The evidence that AIDS is caused by HIV-1 or HIV-2 is clear-cut, exhaustive and unambiguous, meeting the highest standards of science. The data fulfils exactly the same criteria as for other viral diseases, such as polio, measles and smallpox. ... To tackle the disease, everyone must first understand that HIV is the enemy.'
In response to this, a ‘Rebuttal to the Durban declaration' was published on July 26th 2000. This stated that the evidence given for HIV causing AIDS violated the Koch Postulates that are the guiding principles of virology. The UK and USA health authorities state AIDS can occur in the HIV negative, in the apparent absence of the virus. In September 21st 2000 a reply dissenting from the Durban Declaration also appeared in Nature.
In turn, an unsigned response to this appeared on the National Institutes of Health website in November 2000. It indignantly insisted that the ‘HIV theory of AIDS does satisfy the Koch Postulates.' This response was further updated in 2003. It now stated; ‘With regard to [Koch] postulate #1, numerous studies from around the world show that virtually all AIDS patients are HIV-seropositive; that is they carry antibodies that indicate HIV infection. With regard to postulate #2, modern culture techniques have allowed the isolation of HIV in virtually all AIDS patients ... Postulate #3 has been fulfilled in tragic incidents involving three laboratory workers with no other risk factors who have developed AIDS or severe immunosuppression after accidental exposure to concentrated, cloned [artificial] HIV in the laboratory.'
Yet this too met with an immediate rejection - not just from scientists but from organizations of the ‘HIV positive' who have refused antiretrovirals and remained healthy. Scientific studies were cited of Africans diagnosed with AIDS that showed well over half were not infected with HIV. Thousands of similar cases in America were cited - as well as studies demonstrating that the antibody test is not specific to HIV.
The argument today remains fierce, but continues to be one-sided in terms of publicity. When do you remember the BBC acknowledging in its reports on AIDS the existence of scientific dissent to the HIV theory? Its extensive website on AIDS ignores this dissent entirely, reporting the establishment view as if undisputed.
I have to say that this is, in my opinion, a violation of the code of journalistic ethics mandatory at the BBC. I know because I have worked as a producer and journalist on projects with the BBC. They must be balanced in their reporting, and thus must ensure that all sides are included whenever there is serious scientific dissent. (These guidelines are of course the same for journalists elsewhere.)
This imbalance is most regrettable, given that even the British Medical Journal has recently hosted a major debate for and against the HIV theory. This raged fiercely for over a year in their online "Rapid Responses" site. De Spiegel, the leading German news magazine, and Harpers, a major New York publication, have also recently ran controversial major articles covering the debate over the HIV theory. The Internet also is full of this debate. It is thus hard to see why this lively debate on an issue of great public concern has been so shamefully neglected by the popular media. I fear it is because our medical authorities advise all journalists, as they did me, that we should not to mention the flaws in current theories as this ‘may dissuade patients from taking their medicines'!
The scientists who come out against the HIV theory risk much. They are setting themselves against the medical establishment that awards research grants. Many will also find themselves labeled as "Denialists' on AIDS websites to deliberately and nastily link them with those who deny the existence of the Holocaust.
They are accused of putting thousands of lives at risk simply by questioning the sexual transmission of AIDS (as also I was when I started my research into HIV and AIDS). No notice is taken of the alternative remedies they discover. Many are instead punished by the loss of research funds, as happened to Professor Peter Duesberg of Berkeley.
It thus takes a great deal of bravery for a working scientist to publicly object to the HIV theory, and even this author, a writer and television producer on medical issues, feels somewhat nervous at taking on the AIDS establishment by writing this book. It is most intimidating. The white coats seem to have become the priests of this age, revered even by liberal journalists who do not respect the establishment when it comes to decisions over wars.
I hope that this book helps in some way to remedy this gross imbalance. Given that the world has now spent over 180 billion US dollars on AIDS research without finding a cure, it is surely time to broaden our vision, to seriously look at all alternatives and consider what else than HIV might cause AIDS?
President Mbeki of South Africa on AIDS.
The only international politician to take note of the serious implications of the research work of the above-mentioned scientists has been President Mbeki of South Africa. For this, he has been internationally maligned, forcing him to issue the following letter.
‘Our search for these specific and targeted responses is being stridently condemned by some in our country and the rest of the world as constituting a criminal abandonment of the fight against HIV-AIDS. Some elements of this orchestrated campaign of condemnation worry me very deeply.
‘It is suggested, for instance, that there are some scientists who are "dangerous and discredited" with whom nobody, including us, should communicate or interact. In an earlier period in human history, these would be heretics that would be burnt at the stake!
‘Not long ago, in our own country, people were killed, tortured, imprisoned and prohibited from being quoted in private and in public because the established authority believed that their views were dangerous and discredited. We are now being asked to do precisely the same thing that the racist apartheid tyranny we opposed did, because, it is said, there exists a scientific view that is supported by the majority, against which dissent is prohibited. The scientists we are supposed to put into scientific quarantine include Nobel Prize Winners, Members of Academies of Science and Emeritus Professors of various disciplines of medicine!
‘Scientists, in the name of science, are demanding that we should cooperate with them to freeze scientific discourse on HIV-AIDS at the specific point this discourse had reached in the West in 1984. People who otherwise would fight very hard to defend the critically important rights of freedom of thought and speech occupy, with regard to the HIV-AIDS issue, the frontline in the campaign of intellectual intimidation and terrorism which argues that the only freedom we have is to agree with what they decree to be established scientific truths.
‘Some agitate for these extraordinary propositions with a religious fervour born by a degree of fanaticism, which is truly frightening. The day may not be far off when we will, once again, see books burnt and their authors immolated by fire by those who believe that they have a duty to conduct a holy crusade against the infidels.'